Down Under 


There is a fascinating world to be found beneath the surface of South-Limburg. Since Neolithic times men used the layers of flint in the marlstone and the marlstone itself for building activities. Sometimes, the caves were used afterwards as underground church or even transformed to a bunker from the Cold War. These underground structures that are made by human hands, are a comprehensive study to the industrial-archaeological aspects.


One of the original mine shafts of the very famous flint mine Rijckholt will be visited during this excursion. Afterwards we will drive to Valkenburg where we visit the Katakomben (catacombs). This is a replica of the Roman catacombs made by a 19th century very wealthy family to honour their Christian roots. Here we will enjoy our lunch and visit the Roman temple. At the Gemeentegrot Valkenburg (cave) we will see the use of marlstone for different purposes.


Guide: J. Orbons

Date: 29th August


08:30 Departure from Maasboulevard ((Hoeg Brök) by bus

09:00 Arrival Rijckholt, start walk to visit the flint mine in Savelsbos

09:00 Walk from Rijckholt to Savelsbos

11:00 Departure to Valkenburg

11:30 Visit to the Catacombs of Valkenburg. The group will be split in three different tours


1.The classical archaeology of the Catacombs

2.The function of the caves during WWII

3.General story about this copy from a Roman Catacomb


12:30 Lunch

13:30 Visit to the Gemeentegrot Valkenburg

14:00 Presentation about medieval exploitation of chalkstone quarries

15:00 Visit to the medieval galleries and the Cold War bunker

16:30 Departure from Valkenburg

17:00 Arrival in Maastricht

Welcome at the 23rd Annual meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists

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